Wang, Q. et al. (2010) Determination of fluorine and chlorine by pyrohydrolysis and ion chromatography: comparison with alkaline fusion and ion chromatography, Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research, 34, 175--183, doi: 10.1111/j.1751-908X.2010.00043.x. < 20170113184744-227770 > pub

Map on Earth or stone. Places and analyses are shown.

  • abstract:

    A method to determine F and Cl in silicate materials by employing pyrohydrolysis and ion chromatography (IC) is described. Pyrohydrolysis involved mixing a pulverised sample (∼40 mg) with V2O5 (∼160mg) and heating to 1100°C under a wet oxygen flow in a quartz tube. Recovery yields of F and Cl were ∼97% using a NaF+NaCl standard solution. Detection limits of the pyrohydrolysis‐IC method for silicate samples were 0.36 and 0.69μg*g‐1 for F and Cl, respectively. Fluorine and Cl concentrations were determined in the reference materials JB‐2, JB‐3 and JA‐1 from the GSJ; BCR‐2, BHVO‐1, BHVO‐2, AGV‐1 and AGV‐2 from the USGS; and NIST SRM 610, 612 and 614 glasses. Precisions (RSD) for determinations of F were 1–13% (except NIST SRM 614) and 2–19% for Cl, and were dependent on the concentration and blank correction. Most results obtained in this study were in good agreement with those of previous studies. In comparison, the Na2CO3+ZnO fusion method at 900°C showed that the yields of F and Cl by alkaline fusion systematically decreased with fusion duration time. The yields were 84% and 83% for JB‐3, inferring that F and Cl were lost in this alkaline fusion.

  • doi: 10.1111/j.1751-908X.2010.00043.x
  • modified at 1 h ago
Img 8252@58452bedef311c2498f872f thumb JB-2 < 20130416090250-887738 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:basaltic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: Geological Survey of Japan silicate reference material - tholeiitic basalt from Izu-Oshima, Japan (erupted in 1950 AD); split 7, position 19
  • modified at 2020-05-11
Img 8251@9f269d09f0b205360ed5569 thumb JB-3 < 20130416090242-335609 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:basaltic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: Geological Survey of Japan silicate reference material - basaltic rock from Mt.Fuji; split 8, position 120
  • modified at 2020-02-13
Img 8250@755d2b606566c71e7090e42 thumb JA-1 < 20130416090234-228760 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:andesitic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: Geological Survey of Japan silicate reference material - andesite from Hakone volcano ; split 7, position 19
  • modified at 2020-05-01
Img 8254@f5b90dee968da254789bff3 thumb BCR-2 < 20130416090303-875743 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:basaltic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2020-04-02
Img 8257@1dbc22089f618c0dfcb9972 thumb BHVO-1 < 20130416090323-009811 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:basaltic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2020-04-24
Img 8258@396c558ee93ac491e8c3526 thumb AGV-1 < 20130416090329-701068 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:andesitic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: US Geological Survey silicate reference material - andesite; split 43, position 7
  • modified at 2020-04-24
Img 8255@fd978453fd4b62e245187e0 thumb AGV-2 < 20130416090310-185693 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:andesitic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2019-06-26
Img 8249@4484db92cf0228d57fae346 thumb MYK-1 (#7/6) < 20130416090227-643389 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:basaltic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2019-06-24
Img 8253@8520ef4e429a1913d6674f9 thumb BHVO-2 < 20130416090256-077300 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:basaltic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2019-06-26
Img 8275@563e9394daa843eb74d4a74 thumb NIST SRM 610 < 20130419085456-837475 >pub
  • classification: synthetic:glass
  • physical-form: chunk
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2019-06-24
Img 8277@b2bd29a4fe38f17d5aba643 thumb NIST SRM 612 < 20130419085509-572593 >pub
  • classification: synthetic:glass
  • physical-form: chunk
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2019-06-24
Img 8264@d46c95437aca8c4a97a93d8 thumb NIST SRM 614 < 20130416090410-440183 >pub
  • classification: glass
  • physical-form: chunk
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2019-06-24
name box-type global-id
A box for reference standards pub container 20130416090908-517244
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MYK1-2 pub 12 20150518154620-379580
MYK1-4 pub 12 20150518154628-076630
NIST610 pub 7 20150518155813-398915
NIST612 pub 7 20150518155816-868617
NIST614 pub 7 20150518155818-171455
ref-gl-jb2 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 55 20170302124544-731488
JB-2_Cl-F pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-299945
JB-2 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091433-571271
JB-2_FeO pub 1 20191009141755-701622
JB-2_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-345539
JB-2_W-Sb-Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-987281
JB-2_U pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 2 20191023140518-782251
JB-2_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-360045
JB-2_Li pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191015113423-995945
JB-2_Th pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 2 20191023140820-456541
JB-2_Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151232-133506
JB-2_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102338-443368
JB-2_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-268022
JB-2_Ge-As-Se-Te pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191004111800-764807
JB-2_Ta-Hf-Nb-Zr pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105612-696377
JB-2_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141043-335650
JB-2_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100320-804729
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JB-2 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094725-536598
JB-2_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223152828-773022
JB-2_226Ra pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20200131112956-636986
JB-2_Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20200210103937-712454
JB-2 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20200213153336-912830
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JB-2 pub XRF PANalytical PW2400 3 20200219095011-457226
JB-2_B (Nakamura,1992) pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20200221121528-403757
JB-3 pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-097084
ref-gl-ja1 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 53 20170302124453-888608
JA-1_Cl-F pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-526333
JA-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091435-237195
JA-1_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-573286
JA-1_W-Sb-Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-049048
JA-1_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-890211
JA-1_Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151232-778094
JA-1_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102338-904167
JA-1_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-449008
JA-1_Ta-Hf-Nb-Zr pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105612-400613
JA-1_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191007144233-883102
JA-1_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141043-671362
JA-1_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100320-336175
JA-1 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094725-203104
JA-1_Li pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20200210102943-264976
JA-1_Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20200210104330-845007
JA-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20200213153336-868746
JA-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 2 20200213153348-351267
JA-1 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20200213153411-041137
JA-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20200213153400-303520
JA-1 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20200213153422-827726
JA-1 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20200213153432-496643
JA-1 pub XRF PANalytical PW2400 3 20200219095826-733774
BCR-2 pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-020887
BCR-2_Ge-As-Se-Te pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191004111801-052670
BCR-2_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223153826-006366
BHVO-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113358-269773
ref-gl-bhvo1 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 53 20170302124400-050868
BHVO-1_Cl-F pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-073254
BHVO-1_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-455529
BHVO-1 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-307661
BHVO-1_Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151233-340940
BHVO-1_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102339-925482
BHVO-1_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-550405
BHVO-1_Ge-As-Se-Te pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191004111801-213645
BHVO-1_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100319-328838
BHVO-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105612-501380
BHVO-1_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141042-864818
BHVO-1 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094724-386784
BHVO-1_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223153932-283279
BHVO-2 pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-054328
AGV-1_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191007143908-150957
ref-gl-agv1 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 53 20170302124308-015603
AGV-1_Cl-F pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-256173
AGV-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091435-744350
AGV-1_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-695651
AGV-1_W-Sb-Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-027354
AGV-1_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-563244
AGV-1-Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151233-871875
AGV-1_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102339-207814
AGV-1_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-348347
AGV-1_Ge-As-Se-Te pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191004111801-174318
AGV-1_Ta-Nb-Hf-Zr pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105612-949407
AGV-1_Zn-Cu-Ni-Cr pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100320-124365
AGV-1_Pb pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 3 20191009104304-659822
AGV-1 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094725-642963
AGV-1_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223154045-835312
AGV-2 pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-217959
NIST SRM 610 pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-989960
NIST SRM 612 pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-709926
NIST SRM 614 pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103148-870360
MYK-1 (#7/6) pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103148-441373
JB2-1_B pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20191011091956-857703
JB2-1_Pb pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 3 20191011093459-383699
JB2-1_Sm-Nd pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20191011101646-745665
JB2-1_Rb-Sr pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20191011101511-959093
JB2-1_Ra pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 4 20191011135228-878050
JB2-1_Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20191011095740-854602
JB2-2_B pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20191011092231-398963
JB2-2_Pb pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 3 20191011093639-992779
JB2-2_Ra pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 4 20191011135602-253524
JB2-2_Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20191011095851-447069
JB2-2_Sm-Nd pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20191011102056-733424
JB2-2_Rb-Sr pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20191011101815-177013
name spots global-id
caption ID assembly stone
Table 3-4. Flourine and Chlorine concantrations in silicate reference materials pub 20190515110138-439284 F-Cl (Wang et al., 2010) 12
manual
  • name
  • Wang, Q.
  • Makishima, Akio
  • Nakamura, E.