Pack, Andreas et al. (2016) The oxygen isotope composition of San Carlos olivine on the VSMOW2‐SLAP2 scale, Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 30, 1495-1504, doi: 10.1002/rcm.7582. < 20200327141523-709762 > pub

Map on Earth or stone. Places and analyses are shown.

  • abstract:

    Rationale
    The precise determination of Δ'17O values in terrestrial material is becoming increasingly important to understand the mass‐dependent fractionation processes that cause variations in oxygen isotope ratios. San Carlos olivine is widely used as the reference material for oxygen isotope measurements of terrestrial and extraterrestrial materials. We report new Δ'17O values for San Carlos olivine that were independently determined in two different laboratories (Geoscience Center [GZG], University of Göttingen) and Institute for Study of the Earth's Interior [ISEI], Okayama University, Misasa) in direct comparison with VSMOW2 and SLAP2 water standards.
    Methods
    The δ17O and δ18O values of VSMOW2, SLAP2, GISP, and San Carlos olivine were determined relative to reference gas. In both laboratories, water and San Carlos olivine samples were prepared by BrF5 fluorination. In both laboratories, the O2 released from water and olivine samples was passed through the same purification system and measured using the same mass spectrometer relative to the same reference gas.
    Results
    In both laboratories, the δ17OVSMOW2 and δ18OVSMOW2 scales were slightly compressed with respect to the recommended composition of VSMOW2 and SLAP2. The new Δ'17O0.528 value (calculated from the VSMOW2‐SLAP2 scaled δ values) of San Carlos olivine from GZG was −36 ± 9 ppm and, from ISEI, a value of −40 ± 7 ppm (1σ standard deviation) was determined. These values are ~50 ppm higher than previously reported from the same laboratories. Possible causes for the observed discrepancies are discussed.
    Conclusions
    The results of this study in comparison with previous data from the same laboratories demonstrated that for high accuracy determination of Δ'17O values: (i) calibration of the reference gas relative to O2 released from primary standards (VSMOW2, SLAP2) in the same laboratory is highly recommended, (ii) non‐linearity of the mass spectrometer may not only affect δ17O and δ18O values but also Δ'17O values, and (iii) the VSMOW2‐SLAP2 scaling should also be applied to analyses of rocks and minerals. Studies that are concerned with small differences in Δ'17O at similar δ18O values, however, are not affected by non‐linearity of the mass spectrometer.

  • doi: 10.1002/rcm.7582
  • modified at 11 h ago


(a) IRMS with LF on SIRA Thermo-Fisher MAT253
Img 2654 thumb ref-ol-sc >20# < 20101202094953250.hkitagawa >pub
  • classification: mineral:olivine
  • physical-form: fraction
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: MSOL-1
  • modified at 2020-04-02
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MSOL-1 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20191220140603-674136
MSOL-1 pub SIRA Thermo-Fisher MAT253 3 20191220152440-158100
MSOL-1_2016 pub SIRA Thermo-Fisher MAT253 2 20200327153953-043802
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Table 1-2. Measured data (δ17O, δ18O) for VSMOW2, SLAP2 and GISP water, and San Carlos olivine analyzed in the IPM laboratory pub 20200327151759-854073 oxygen (d17O and d18O) 1
manual
  • name
  • Pack, Andreas
  • Tanaka, Ryoji
  • Hering, Markus
  • Sengupta, Sukanya
  • Peters, Stefan
  • Nakamura, Eizo