Rehman, Hafiz Ur et al. (2014) Oxygen isotopes in Indian Plate eclogites (Kaghan Valley, Pakistan): Negative d18O values from a high latitude protolith reset by Himalayan metamorphism, Lithos, 208-209, 471-483, doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2014.09.007. < 20200117092729-333909 > pub

Map on Earth or stone. Places and analyses are shown.

  • abstract:

    Oxygen isotope compositions are reported for the first time for the Himalayan metabasites of the Kaghan Valley, Pakistan in this study. The highest metamorphic grades are recorded in the north of the valley, near the India–Asia collision boundary, in the form of high-pressure (HP: Group I) and ultrahigh-pressure (UHP: Group II) eclogites. The rocks show a step-wise decrease in grade from the UHP to HP eclogites and amphibolites. The protoliths of these metabasites were the Permian Panjal Trap basalts (ca. 267 ± 2.4 Ma), which were emplaced along the northern margin of India when it was part of Gondwana. After the break-up of Gondwana, India drifted northward, subducted beneath Asia and underwent UHP metamorphism during the Eocene (ca. 45 ± 1.2 Ma). At the regional scale, amphibolites, Group I and II eclogites yielded δ18O values of + 5.84 and + 5.91‰, + 1.66 to + 4.24‰, and − 2.25 to + 0.76‰, respectively, relative to VSMOW. On a more local scale, within a single eclogite body, the δ18O values were the lowest (− 2.25 to− 1.44‰) in the central, the best preserved (least retrograded) parts, and show a systematic increase outward into more retrograded rocks, reaching up to + 0.12‰. These values are significantly lower than the typical mantle values for basalts of + 5.7 ± 0.3‰. The unusually low or negative δ18O values in Group II eclogites potentially resulted from hydrothermal alteration of the protoliths by interactions with meteoric water when the Indian plate was at southern high latitudes (~ 60°S). The stepwise increase in δ18O values, among different eclogite bodies in general and at single outcrop-scales in particular, reflects differing degrees of resetting of the oxygen isotope compositions during exhumation-related retrogression.

  • doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2014.09.007
  • modified at 4 h ago
Ti hr1506238021 thumb PH245 < 20200116143645-690550 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012G
  • place: N35°1′32.5″, E73°56′24.2″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 7.4
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); South of Besal; Amphibolite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr1074152488 thumb PH456 < 20200116150246-532823 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012H
  • place: N35°5′44.7″, E73°55′31.6″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 10.4
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); North of Lulusar; UHP eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr464385551 thumb PH425 < 20200116145358-869208 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012I
  • place: N35°6′56.9″, E73°58′6.9″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 11.2
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); West of Gittidas; UHP eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr 1668924627 thumb PH427 < 20200116145733-145619 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012J
  • place: N35°6′56.9″, E73°58′6.9″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 7.2
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); West of Gittidas; UHP felsic gneiss
  • modified at 2020-03-31
Ti hr 997567704 thumb PH408 < 20200116144638-675777 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012K
  • place: N35°6′25.5″, E73°58′36.9″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 13.8
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); East of Lulusar; HP eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr400242517 thumb PH409 < 20200116144812-201700 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012L
  • place: N35°6′25.5″, E73°58′36.9″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 6.0
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); East of Lulusar; HP eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr1322250921 thumb PH378 < 20200116144116-093091 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012M
  • place: N35°5′32.7″, E73°53′38.3″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 8.4
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); Northwest of Lulusar; Amphibolitized eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr1895561724 thumb PH381 < 20200116144408-092838 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012N
  • place: N35°5′32.7″, E73°53′38.3″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 11.2
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); Northwest of Lulusar; HP eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr 615674029 thumb PH449 < 20200116150002-730306 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012O
  • place: N35°5′44.7″, E73°55′31.6″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 10.4
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); North of Lulusar; UHP eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr 1194556885 thumb PH426 < 20200116145544-659879 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012P
  • place: N35°6′56.9″, E73°58′6.9″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 10.4
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); West of Gittidas; Amphibolitized eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr 1279817557 thumb PH428 < 20200116145837-058930 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012Q
  • place: N35°6′56.9″, E73°58′6.9″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 6.8
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); West of Gittidas; UHP felsic gneiss
  • modified at 2020-03-31
Ti hr452609517 thumb PH241 < 20200116143535-560838 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012R
  • place: N35°1′32.5″, E73°56′24.2″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 8.6
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); South of Besal; Amphibolite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr1322890267 thumb PH410 < 20200116144926-388624 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012S
  • place: N35°6′25.5″, E73°58′36.9″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 12.4
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); East of Lulusar; HP eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr 1654062546 thumb PH450 < 20200116150107-423377 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012T
  • place: N35°5′44.7″, E73°55′31.6″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 9.2
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); North of Lulusar; UHP eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr1341448658 thumb PH422 < 20200116145111-821184 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012U
  • place: N35°6′56.9″, E73°58′6.9″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 8.8
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); West of Gittidas; UHP eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr589883223 thumb PH423 < 20200116145234-645125 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012V
  • place: N35°6′56.9″, E73°58′6.9″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 15.6
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); West of Gittidas; UHP eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
Ti hr 2037180043 thumb PH380 < 20200116144241-442291 >pub
  • IGSN: IEDRM012W
  • place: N35°5′32.7″, E73°53′38.3″ more
  • classification: metamorphic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 11.8
  • description: Higher Himalayan Crystalline (HHC); Northwest of Lulusar; HP eclogite
  • modified at 2020-04-14
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PH378-Grt-c_1 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 8 20200204103342-107945
PH378-Amp pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 11 20200204103346-592059
PH378-Amp_2 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200204103346-001839
PH378-Amp_1 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 11 20200204103346-076667
Ph380D-Grt1 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 9 20200117154924-865946
Ph380D-Grt32 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 9 20200117154924-310832
Ph380D-Grt1-3 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117154924-421825
Ph380D-Grt1-7 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117154924-520639
Ph380D-Grt1-8 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117154925-690334
Ph380D-Grt1-12 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117154925-451796
Ph380B-Omp16 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 9 20200117145942-344561
Ph380D-Omp118 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 11 20200117145945-139225
Ph380B-Omp27 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117145942-846937
Ph380B-Omp28 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 9 20200117145942-259732
Ph380D-Omp11 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 9 20200117145943-411308
Ph380D-Omp115 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117145943-738934
Ph380D-Omp116 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 11 20200117145944-207651
Ph380D-Omp117 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 12 20200117145944-833603
Ph380B-Omp12 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117145942-440736
Ph380B-Zr1@5_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101135-801666
Ph380D-Zr7@1_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101138-252870
Ph380B-Zr1@6_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101135-138255
Ph380A-Zr3@1_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101133-968779
Ph380D-Zr14@1_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101141-846886
Ph380A-Zr3@2_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101133-024396
Ph380B-Zr3@1_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101136-430850
Ph380D-Zr8@1_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101138-252642
Ph380A-Zr3@3_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101133-049924
Ph380D-Zr16@1_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101141-287909
Ph380D-Zr1@1_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101136-181298
Ph380A-Zr5@1_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101134-694640
Ph380D-Zr8@2_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101139-621791
Ph380D-Zr1@2_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101137-388770
Ph380B-Zr1@1_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101134-438975
Ph380D-Zr17@1_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101141-853156
Ph380D-Zr8@3_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101139-651402
Ph380B-Zr1@2_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101134-311848
Ph380D-Zr1@3_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101137-482758
Ph380B-Zr1@3_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101135-667816
Ph380D-Zr1@4_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101138-953317
Ph380D-Zr12@2_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101140-418387
Ph380D-Zr19@1_core pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101142-494349
Ph380D-Zr13@1_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101140-116807
Ph380D-Zr1@5_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101138-416584
Ph380D-Zr13@2_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101140-141419
PH380Grt pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135811-626573
PH380Cpx pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135811-293001
PH381 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135811-241410
PH381-Grtr pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135812-265746
PH381-Cpx pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135812-893217
PH422A-Zrn1_18 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117145945-861364
PH422A-Zrn1_19 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117145945-021300
B_Ph422_02@20_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101153-876258
B_Ph422_01@19_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101153-839410
B_Ph422_05@21_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101153-621664
B_Ph422_06@22_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101153-323962
B_Ph422_07@23_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101154-209993
PH422Grt pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135812-644927
PH422Cpx pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135812-935915
PH422Ep pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135812-800000
PH422Phn pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135812-024029
Ph423-Zr19-23 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117154925-760255
Ph423-Zr19-24 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117154925-308064
Ph423-Zr19-25 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117154926-419230
Ph423-Matrix_Cpx2_124 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117145948-372767
Ph423-Matrix_Cpx2_105 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 11 20200117145947-681914
Ph423-Matrix_Cpx2_106 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 11 20200117145947-010746
Ph423-Matrix_Cpx2_122 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 11 20200117145947-118167
Ph423-Zr19-29 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117154926-111839
A_Ph423_10@03_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101143-548797
A_Ph423_15@04_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101143-656295
B_Ph423_18@16_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101152-511835
A_Ph423_07@01_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101142-511319
A_Ph423_07@02_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101143-068485
PH423Grt pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135813-029202
PH423Cpx pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135813-873862
PH423Ep pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135813-511190
PH423Ep pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 7 20200204103352-038000
B-Ph425-Zrn31_93 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117145946-277705
B-Ph425-Zrn4_65 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 8 20200117145946-617595
B-Ph425-Zrn12_69 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 10 20200117145945-754547
B-Ph425-Zrn16_84 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 11 20200117145946-111626
B-Ph425-Zrn19_85 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 9 20200117145946-007817
A_Ph425_11@14_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101146-876138
B_Ph425_04@07_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101150-271014
Ph425-Zrn2-76 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 9 20200117154926-991832
A_Ph425_03@09_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101144-987439
Ph425-Zrn23-63 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 9 20200117154927-334628
B_Ph425_19@01_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101149-660775
Ph425-Zrn4-77 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 8 20200117154927-742010
Ph425-Zrn15-89 pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 9 20200117154927-941580
A_Ph425_11@15_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101146-630148
A_Ph425_05@10 pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101145-206732
A_Ph425_24@19_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101147-739649
A_Ph425_02@05_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101143-449542
B_Ph425_14@04_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101150-412779
B_Ph425_07@10_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101151-986777
A_Ph425_06@11 pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101145-579281
A_Ph425_19@17_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101147-685284
A_Ph425_03@07_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101144-221835
A_Ph425_24@20_rim pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101148-424508
B_Ph425_17@02_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101149-561633
A_Ph425_06@12 pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101145-700160
A_Ph425_03@08_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101144-325024
B_Ph425_06@09_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101150-638008
A_Ph425_26@21_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101148-799148
A_Ph425_20@18_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101147-315965
B_Ph425_02@06_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101150-461126
B_Ph425_11@13_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101151-701751
B_Ph425_16@03_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101150-309317
B_Ph425_26@15_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101152-481049
B_Ph425_08@11_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101151-071586
B_Ph425_18@14_center pub SIMS Cameca ims-1270 7 20200120101152-637916
PH425Grt pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135813-975784
PH425Cpx pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135813-983529
PH425Ep pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135814-548421
PH425Phn pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200120135814-967771
PH425Ep pub EPMA JEOL JXA-8800R 8 20200204103352-979633
PH380Cpx pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145348-121258
PH380Grt pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145347-863205
PH381 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145348-527352
PH381-Cpx pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145348-188135
PH381-Cpxr pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145348-604387
PH422Grt pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145349-758280
PH422Cpx pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145349-005722
PH422Ep pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145349-697650
PH423Cpx pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145349-750881
PH423Ep pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145350-897007
PH423Grt pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145349-457055
PH425Cpx pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145350-012124
PH425Ep pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145350-893834
PH425Grt pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 5 20200406145350-421446
name spots global-id
caption ID assembly stone
Table 2-1. The δ17O and δ18O values from minerals pub 20200117115119-851235 oxygen 35
Table 2-2. The δ17O and δ18O values from minerals pub 20200117115636-560832 oxygen 34
Table 1. Oxygen isotope compositions of the selected whole-rock samples from the Himalayan metabasites. pub 20200117103609-009422 oxygen 17
manual
  • name
  • Rehman, Hafiz Ur
  • Tanaka, Ryoji
  • O'Brien, Patrick J.
  • Kobayashi, Katsura
  • Tsujimori, Tatsuki
  • Nakamura, Eizo
  • Yamamoto, Hiroshi
  • Khan, Tahseenullah
  • Kaneko, Yoshiyuki