Akio Makishima et al. (1999) Determination of Zirconium, Niobium, Hafnium and Tantalum at ng g‐1 Levels in Geological Materials by Direct Nebulisation of Sample HF Solution into FI‐ICP‐MS, Geostandards Newsletter, 23, 7-20, doi: 10.1111/j.1751-908X.1999.tb00555.x. < 20191008101034-927445 > pub

Map on Earth or stone. Places and analyses are shown.

  • abstract:

    We have developed a rapid and accurate method to determine Zr, Nb, Hf and Ta (denoted as HFSE) in geological samples by inductively coupled plasma‐mass spectrometry fitted with a flow injection system (FI‐ICP‐MS). The method involves sample decomposition by HF followed by HF dissolution of HFSE coprecipitated with insoluble M and Ca fluoride residues formed during the initial HF attack. This HF solution was directly nebulized into an ICP mass spectrometer. An external calibration curve method and an isotope dilution method (ID) were applied for the determination of Nb and Ta, and of Zr and Hf, respectively. Recovery yields of HFSE were > 96% for peridotite, basalt and andesite compositions, apart from Zr and Hf for peridotite (> 85%). No matrix effects for either signal intensities of HFSE or isotope ratios of Zr and Hf were observed in basalt, andesite and peridotite solutions down to a dilution factor of 100. Detection limits in silicate rocks were 40, 2, 1 and 0.1 ng g‐1 for Zr, Nb, Hf and Ta, respectively. This technique required only 0.1 ml of sample solution, and thus is suitable for analysing small and/or precious samples such as meteorites, mantle peridotites and their mineral separates. We also present newly determined data for the Zr, Nb, Hf and Ta concentrations in USGS silicate reference materials DTS‐1, PCC‐1, BCR‐1, BHVO‐1 and AGV‐1, GSJ reference materials JB‐1, ‐2, ‐3, JA‐1, ‐2 and ‐3, and the Smithsonian reference Allende powder.

  • doi: 10.1111/j.1751-908X.1999.tb00555.x
  • modified at 15 h ago


(a) Q-ICP-MS_procedures of Makishima and Nakamura (1997, 1999, 2006) on ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000


(a) Q-ICP-MS_procedures of Makishima and Nakamura (1997, 1999, 2006) on ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000


(a) Q-ICP-MS_procedures of Makishima and Nakamura (1997, 1999, 2006) on ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000
Img 1855 thumb BCR-1 < 20100824093540964.hkitagawa >pub
  • classification: volcanic:basaltic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: US Geological Survey silicate reference material - basalt; split 46, position 27
  • modified at 2020-04-24
Img 1859 thumb PCC-1 < 20100824093541348.hkitagawa >pub
  • classification: volcanic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: US Geological Survey silicate reference material; peridotite; Split 22: Position 23
  • modified at 2020-04-24
20071212 13 thumb Allende-12 < 20071216135000.en >pub
  • classification: chondrite:carbonaceous
  • physical-form: aliquot
  • quantity (g): 0.51212
  • description: Original weight: unknown; Price: unknown; The specimen was provided by the Smithsonian Institution (Split 1, Position 23, 3529).
  • modified at 2020-05-01
Img 8257@1dbc22089f618c0dfcb9972 thumb BHVO-1 < 20130416090323-009811 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:basaltic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2020-04-24
Img 8252@58452bedef311c2498f872f thumb JB-2 < 20130416090250-887738 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:basaltic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: Geological Survey of Japan silicate reference material - tholeiitic basalt from Izu-Oshima, Japan (erupted in 1950 AD); split 7, position 19
  • modified at 2020-05-11
Img 8258@396c558ee93ac491e8c3526 thumb AGV-1 < 20130416090329-701068 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:andesitic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: US Geological Survey silicate reference material - andesite; split 43, position 7
  • modified at 2020-04-24
Img 8250@755d2b606566c71e7090e42 thumb JA-1 < 20130416090234-228760 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:andesitic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: Geological Survey of Japan silicate reference material - andesite from Hakone volcano ; split 7, position 19
  • modified at 2020-05-01
Tixhr 1512897544 thumb JB-1b < 20160921102320-366434 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:basaltic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: Geological Survey of Japan silicate reference material - basalt; split 2, position 244
  • modified at 2020-04-24
Tixhr1947484362 thumb JB-3 powder < 20170620122529-773001 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:basaltic
  • physical-form: aliquot
  • quantity (g): 1.56
  • description: Geological Survey of Japan silicate reference material - basaltic rock from Mt.Fuji
  • modified at 2020-05-12
Tixhr1795063249 thumb JA-3 powder < 20170620122603-026842 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:andesitic
  • physical-form: aliquot
  • quantity (g): 1.9
  • description: Geological Survey of Japan silicate reference material; andesite
  • modified at 2020-04-24
Tixhr887022129 thumb JA-2 < 20160921101920-406882 >pub
  • classification: volcanic:andesitic
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • description: Geological Survey of Japan silicate reference material; andesite; split 9, position 56
  • modified at 2020-04-24
Img 5272 thumb DTS-1 < 20140606085058-007340 >pub
  • physical-form: powder
  • status: (unknown)
  • modified at 2020-04-24
Tixhr 854746915 thumb JP-1 < 20190301111946-454924 >pub
  • classification: plutonic:ultramafic
  • physical-form: powder
  • quantity (g): 12.8
  • description: Harzburgite, GSJ; split 10, position 84
  • modified at 2020-04-24
name box-type global-id
binder of Determination of Zirconium, Niobium, Hafnium and Tantalum at ng g‐1 Levels in Geological Materials by Direct Nebulisation of Sample HF Solution into FI‐ICP‐MS pub container 20191008101208-891455
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BCR-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091430-063891
BCR-1_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-829538
BCR-1_Ta-Hf-Nb-Zr pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105612-839208
BCR-1_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141042-676268
BCR-1_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100319-440667
BCR-1_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191007143804-099397
BCR-1_Pb pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 3 20191009104304-805338
BHVO-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113358-269773
ref-gl-bhvo1 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 53 20170302124400-050868
BHVO-1_Cl-F pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-073254
BHVO-1_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-455529
BHVO-1 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-307661
BHVO-1_Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151233-340940
BHVO-1_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102339-925482
BHVO-1_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-550405
BHVO-1_Ge-As-Se-Te pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191004111801-213645
BHVO-1_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100319-328838
BHVO-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105612-501380
BHVO-1_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141042-864818
BHVO-1 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094724-386784
BHVO-1_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223153932-283279
JB-1b_W-Sb-Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-268888
ref-gl-jb1 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 51 20170302124532-058671
JB-1b_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191007144034-924404
JB-1b pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091432-377866
JB-1b_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-810540
JB-1b_FeO pub 1 20191009140049-796572
JB-1b_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-204878
JB-1b_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102339-884309
JB-1b_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-779082
JB-1b_Ni-Co-Fe-Mn-Cr pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 5 20191003145531-354097
JB-1b_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100320-175701
JB-1b_Ta-Hf-Nb-Zr pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105612-912690
JB-1b_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141042-854799
JB-1b pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094725-789741
JB-1b_Cr-Fe-Ni-Cu-Zn pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200130113405-220663
ref-gl-jb2 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 55 20170302124544-731488
JB-2_Cl-F pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-299945
JB-2 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091433-571271
JB-2_FeO pub 1 20191009141755-701622
JB-2_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-345539
JB-2_W-Sb-Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-987281
JB-2_U pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 2 20191023140518-782251
JB-2_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-360045
JB-2_Li pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191015113423-995945
JB-2_Th pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 2 20191023140820-456541
JB-2_Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151232-133506
JB-2_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102338-443368
JB-2_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-268022
JB-2_Ge-As-Se-Te pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191004111800-764807
JB-2_Ta-Hf-Nb-Zr pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105612-696377
JB-2_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141043-335650
JB-2_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100320-804729
JB-2_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191007144129-710421
JB-2 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094725-536598
JB-2_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223152828-773022
JB-2_226Ra pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20200131112956-636986
JB-2_Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20200210103937-712454
JB-2 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20200213153336-912830
JB-2 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 2 20200213153348-280479
JB-2 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20200213153411-590596
JB-2 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20200213153400-458802
JB-2 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20200213153422-381614
JB-2 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20200213153431-920662
JB-2 pub XRF PANalytical PW2400 3 20200219095011-457226
JB-2_B (Nakamura,1992) pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20200221121528-403757
JB-3_d11B pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20190521101551-210384
JB-3_K/Rb pub 1 20190521103319-957023
JB-3_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-703996
JB-3_FeO pub 1 20191009142028-458133
JB-3_W-Sb-Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-812158
JB-3 powder_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-706813
JB-3 powder_Li pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191015113423-322522
JB-3_major pub XRF PANalytical PW2400 13 20190603144405-362466
JB-3_H2O pub 2 20190603144145-167674
JB-3_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20190604100950-466668
JB-3_TE pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 27 20190604101141-927713
JB-3_Pb-Max2007 pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 3 20191023142827-497265
JB-3_Pb pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261/262 3 20190604111451-846233
JB-3_U-Th pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20190604111737-825072
JB-3_Ra-Th pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 2 20190604112019-529602
JB-3 powder_Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151232-358462
JB-3 powder_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102338-786951
JB-3 powder_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-869058
JB-3_Pb-Kuritani2006 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 6 20191021120551-635445
JB-3 powder_Ge-As-Se-Te pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191004111800-712270
JB-3 powder_TE_Max2006 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 42 20191018153909-515065
JB-3_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141043-867533
JB-3_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100320-202959
JB-3 powder pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094725-478773
JB-3_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223153137-826757
JB-3_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 4 20200130145207-610371
JB-3_226Ra pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20200131113011-012974
JB-3_Pb pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 3 20200130150729-103990
JB-3_Sr pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20200130153547-774326
JB-3_Sr pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 1 20200130153702-319024
JB-3_Nd pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20200130154012-816833
JB-3_Nd pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher Triton 1 20200130154048-265743
JB-3_Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20200210104217-583867
JB-3_Pb-Kuritani2004 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 3 20200210145900-045643
JB-3 powder pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 2 20200213153348-817236
JB-3 powder pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20200213153336-684968
JB-3 powder pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20200213153400-904724
JB-3 powder pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20200213153411-981119
JB-3 powder pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20200213153422-708026
JB-3 powder pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20200213153432-988543
JB-3 pub XRF PANalytical PW2400 3 20200219100213-362614
AGV-1_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191007143908-150957
ref-gl-agv1 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 53 20170302124308-015603
AGV-1_Cl-F pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-256173
AGV-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091435-744350
AGV-1_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-695651
AGV-1_W-Sb-Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-027354
AGV-1_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-563244
AGV-1-Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151233-871875
AGV-1_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102339-207814
AGV-1_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-348347
AGV-1_Ge-As-Se-Te pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191004111801-174318
AGV-1_Ta-Nb-Hf-Zr pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105612-949407
AGV-1_Zn-Cu-Ni-Cr pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100320-124365
AGV-1_Pb pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 3 20191009104304-659822
AGV-1 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094725-642963
AGV-1_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223154045-835312
ref-gl-ja1 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 53 20170302124453-888608
JA-1_Cl-F pub 761 COMPACT IC 2 20190515103147-526333
JA-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091435-237195
JA-1_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-573286
JA-1_W-Sb-Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-049048
JA-1_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-890211
JA-1_Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151232-778094
JA-1_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102338-904167
JA-1_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-449008
JA-1_Ta-Hf-Nb-Zr pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105612-400613
JA-1_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191007144233-883102
JA-1_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141043-671362
JA-1_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100320-336175
JA-1 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094725-203104
JA-1_Li pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20200210102943-264976
JA-1_Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20200210104330-845007
JA-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20200213153336-868746
JA-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 2 20200213153348-351267
JA-1 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20200213153411-041137
JA-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20200213153400-303520
JA-1 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20200213153422-827726
JA-1 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20200213153432-496643
JA-1 pub XRF PANalytical PW2400 3 20200219095826-733774
JA-2_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191007144514-911634
ref-gl-ja2 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 51 20170302124505-267282
JA-2 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091436-524410
JA-2_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-855159
JA-2_W-Sb-Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-519411
JA-2_FeO pub 1 20191009142209-700394
JA-2_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-176091
JA-2_Li pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191015113423-922117
JA-2_Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151232-741861
JA-2_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102338-715180
JA-2_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-996303
JA-2_Ge-As-Se-Te pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191004111800-368724
JA-2_Ta-Hf-Nb-Zr pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105613-466522
JA-2_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141043-668614
JA-2_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100320-146206
JA-2 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094725-577526
JA-2_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223153355-398443
JA-2_Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20200210104926-254428
JA-3_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191007144604-520638
ref-gl-ja3 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 51 20170302124518-005148
JA-3 powder pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091437-122512
JA-3 powder_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-252329
JA-3 powder_W-Sb_Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-187332
JA-3 powder_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-777017
JA-3 powder_Li pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191015113423-430051
JA-3 powder_Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151233-156110
JA-3 powder_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102339-988506
JA-3 powder_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-474772
JA-3 powder_Ge-As-Se-Te pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191004111800-862002
JA-3 powder_TE_Max2006 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 42 20191018155015-993443
JA-3 powder_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100320-384880
JA-3 powder_Ta-Hf-Nb-Zr pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105613-122930
JA-3 powder_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141043-457438
JA-3 powder pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094725-718213
JA-3_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223153531-773978
JA-3_d7Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20200210104523-526292
ref-gl-dts1 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 50 20170302124427-983961
DTS-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091427-395663
DTS-1_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-464799
DTS-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-905563
DTS-1 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151233-244888
DTS-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105613-036643
PCC-1_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191007143604-974698
ref-gl-pcc1 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 50 20170302124624-555492
PCC-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091428-700009
PCC-1_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-982805
PCC-1_W-Sb-Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-123893
PCC-1_Li pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191015113423-352532
PCC-1_Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151233-437632
PCC-1_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102339-740674
PCC-1_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-257654
PCC-1_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141042-175601
PCC-1_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100319-761068
PCC-1_Ta-Hf-Nb-Zr pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105613-130163
PCC-1_Pb pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 3 20191009104304-232542
PCC-1 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 1 20191219094725-707423
PCC-1_d7Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20200210103336-956407
ref-gl-jp1 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 50 20170302124611-535452
JP-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091429-416093
JP-1_Os-Pt pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Element XR 6 20190315111352-886503
JP-1_Re-Os pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher Triton 2 20190313154241-671749
JP-1_TiO2 pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008134323-872493
JP-1_FeO pub 1 20191009142516-474524
JP-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-201393
JP-1 pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 2 20191023150858-436623
JP-1_Li pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191015113423-515310
JP-1_Bi-Tl-In-Cd pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191002151233-330475
JP-1_d66Zn pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003102339-458610
JP-1_d56Fe pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191003113551-906961
JP-1_Ni-Co-Fe-Mn-Cr pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 5 20191003145531-083716
JP-1_Ge-As-Se-Te pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 4 20191004111800-014469
JP-1_TE-Max2006 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 42 20191021092408-322359
JP-1_Pb-Kuritani2006 pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20191021120207-324046
JP-1 pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105613-631359
JP-1_S pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 1 20191008141042-456644
JP-1_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100319-996060
JP-1_Pb pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 3 20191009104304-125212
JP-1_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223153718-288546
JP-1_Cr-Fe-Ni-Cu-Zn pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200130113406-594443
JP-1_Hf pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 4 20200130145207-079936
JP-1_Pb pub MC-ICP-MS Finnigan, Neptune 3 20200130150729-784131
JP-1_d7Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20200210103648-262084
Allende_B pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191007144654-469588
Allende average pub XRF PANalytical PW2400 9 20190205122616-321995
Allende average pub Shimadzu AA6200 2 20190205122856-619565
Allende_Smithsonian pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 22 20191008091438-103352
Allende_W-Sb-Mo pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 3 20191008113359-711249
Allende_Re-Os pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 4 20191011102909-774067
Allende-12_Li pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 1 20191015113423-683939
Allende_Cr-Ni-Cu-Zn pub HR-ICPMS Finningan, Element 4 20191009100320-196967
Allende_Zr-Nb-Hf-Ta pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000 4 20191008105613-887464
Allende_S (Max, 2012) pub ICPMS Thermo-Fisher Neptune 1 20191223154313-304810
Allende-12_Cr-Fe-Ni-Cu-Zn pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 5 20200130113406-116770
Allende-12_eCr pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher Triton 2 20200130115748-829002
SM-Allende_d7Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20200210101024-869245
JB-3_leached pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20190521101551-819463
JB-3 pub Q-ICPMS Agilent 7500cs 48 20190903121150-057348
JB-3_leached pub ICPMS Yokogawa PMS2000/Agilent 7500cs 1 20190521100452-639887
BCR-1_Sr unsp pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20191009144509-043563
BCR-1_Sr sp pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20191009144815-654576
JB2-1_B pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20191011091956-857703
JB2-1_Pb pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 3 20191011093459-383699
JB2-2_B pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20191011092231-398963
JB2-2_Pb pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 3 20191011093639-992779
JB2-1_Ra pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 4 20191011135228-878050
JB2-1_Rb-Sr pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20191011101511-959093
JB2-1_Sm-Nd pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20191011101646-745665
JB2-2_Ra pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT262 4 20191011135602-253524
JB2-2_Sm-Nd pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20191011102056-733424
JB2-1_Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20191011095740-854602
JB2-2_Li pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 2 20191011095851-447069
JB2-2_Rb-Sr pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 4 20191011101815-177013
PCC-1_Sr unsp pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 1 20191009151755-215822
PCC-1_Sr sp pub TIMS Thermo-Fisher MAT261 3 20191009151956-456953
name spots global-id
caption ID assembly stone
Table 9. Concentrations of Zr, Nb, Hf and Ta (µg g -1 ) in Smithsonian reference Allende powder by FI-ICP-MS pub 20191008110232-122513 Zr-Nb-Hf-Ta (Max et al., 1999) 1
Table 7. Concentrations of Zr, Nb, Hf and Ta in silicate reference materials pub 20191008103817-232412 Zr-Nb-Hf-Ta (Max et al., 1999) 9
Table 8. Concentrations of Zr, Nb, Hf and Ta in peridotite reference materials pub 20191008105951-967184 Zr-Nb-Hf-Ta (Max et al., 1999) 3
manual
  • name
  • Akio Makishima
  • Eizo Nakamura
  • Nakano, Toshio